In most parts of the world, individuals, communities and their leaders struggle with the best way to address concerns about HIV and AIDS. For Botswana, like in many other countries, the HIV/AIDS epidemic represents one of the most serious social problems in recent history, especially for countries in the Sub Saharan Africa. Southern Africa holds the majority of the world's hard hit countries.
The first cases of HIV in Botswana were diagnosed in 1985. The rapid spread of the infection and AIDS in Botswana over the past 13 years has been tremendous. UNAIDS estimates indicate that by the end of 1999, at least one in four adults in Botswana was living with HIV.
Botswana like other countries, has implemented programs to improve the knowledge about how HIV is transmitted as well as strategies for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. The current strategies include Sentinel surveillance; i.e surveys which are conducted annually or biannually to obtain information on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, monitor trends of HIV/AIDS infection, provide information for program planning, monitoring and evaluation and assess the impact of intervention programs.
The Central Statistics Office conducted the 2001 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey. The Botswana Government provided funding and Botswana UNDP office assisted with consultancy fees for all consultants engaged at various stages of the survey.
The survey report presents results on the principal topics covered in the survey and on the UNAIDS indicators.
The Botswana AIDS Impact survey was conducted to obtain more information on topics related to HIV/AIDS. The main objective of this survey was to provide information to:
- Assess whether programs are operating as intended
- Assess performance of intervention programs
- Asses whether people are changing their sexual behaviour
- Establish the proportion of people in need of care due to HIV infection
- Establish the proportion of people who are at risk of HIV infection
- Assess the impact of the pandemic at household level
- Provide information on issues related to the impact of HIV/AIDS on household and communities.